Proportional Representation is a complicated name for a simple idea: that parties should get the same percent of seats they got in votes.
In a real democracy, an actual majority of voters is represented in government, not a 40% minority party. FPP produces an insane distortion of the people’s will. Harper only earned 40% of the seats. That’s how many he should’ve received.
A better name for PR might be “true voting”: voters get what they actually voted for!
Since people vote for a party and a person to represent them, there are three ways to get true voting:
Party-list PR: With this system, parties put out lists of candidates who will get seats the people award parties. These candidates are scrutinized by the people and the media before the election and affect how people vote. Parties put out lists in each province to ensure regional representation. This is the most widely used kind of true voting.
Mixed-Member Proportional (MMP): This is a combination of our existing system and party-list PR. People vote for a local candidate associated with a party, and a party itself. The winning candidates get seats. Additional seats are awarded to parties to ensure they get the same percent of seats they got in votes.
Single Transferable Vote (STV): This system creates large ridings that have many MPs instead of one. People rank candidates — who belong to a party — by number. If there are 5 members per riding, a party that gets 20% of the vote gets 1 seat; 60%, 3 seats. This is a great way to get a local representative you voted for. Over all, parties get the number of seats they earned.
True voting will put an end to the minority-party dictatorships we have to suffer through under FPP. And it will save Canada from extremists like Stephen Harper who have vowed to change our country beyond recognition — against the will of Canadians.